Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-initial century These are rather uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's mix daywear, especially in the US in which they became well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or zenske pidzame sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.